Uphill All the Way:
The Fortunes of Progressivism, 1919-1929

By Kevin C. Murphy, Copyright 2013. All Rights Reserved.

Abstract | Acknowledgements | Preface | Prologue
Intro | Part One | Part Two | Part Three | Conclusion



The Grace Abbott Reader, John Sorensen & Judith Sealander, ed. (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2008).

The Jane Addams Reader, Jean Bethke Elshtain, ed. (New York: Basic Books, 2002).

Jane Addams. The Second Twenty Years at Hull House (New York: The MacMillan Company, 1930).

Roger Babson, Religion and Business (New York: MacMillan Company, 1921).

Bruce Barton, The Man Everybody Knows, (New York, Bobbs-Merill Company, 1925).

Edward Bernays, Crystallizing Public Opinion (New York: Boni and Liveright, 1923).

Edward Bernays, Propaganda (New York: H. Liveright, 1928).

Papers of William Borah, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress.

Randolph Silliman Bourne and Olaf Hansen, The Radical Will : Selected Writings, 1911-1918 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992).

Robert H. Bremner, ed. Children and Youth in America: A Documentary History, Volume II 1866-1932 (London: Oxford University Press, 1971).

A.A. Brill, Fundamental Conceptions of Psychoanalysis (New York: Harcourt, Brace, and Company, 1921).

Heywood Broun, et al., Nonsenseorship (New York: GP Putnam & Sons, 1922).

R.G. Brown et al, To The American People, Report Upon the Illegal Practices of the Department of Justice (Washington DC: National Popular Government League, 1920).

William Jennings Bryan, In His Image (New York: Fleming H. Revell, 1922).

Raymond Leslie Buell, The Washington Conference (New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1922).

Basil Gordon Byron and Frederic Rene Coudert, ed., America Speaks: A Library of the Best Spoken Thought in Business and the Professions (New York: J.J. Little & Ives, 1928).

Benjamin N. Cardozo, The Nature of the Judicial Process (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1921).

Carrie Chapman Catt, "The Outlawry of War," Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, July 1928 (Vol. 138), 157-163.

Stuart Chase, Prosperity: Fact or Myth (New York: C. Boni, 1929).

Kate Claghorn, Immigrants Day in Court (New York: Harper Brothers, 1923).

Frank Cobb and John Heaton, Cobb of "the World": A Leader of Liberalism (Hallandale: New World, 1971).

The Committee on Public Information, The German-Bolshevik Conspiracy, October, 1918.

Conference on the Limitation of Armament (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1922.)

Alastair Cooke, ed. The Vintage Mencken (New York: Vintage Books, 1983).

George Creel, How We Advertised America (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1920).

Harry Daugherty, The Inside Story of the Warren Harding Tragedy (New York: Churchill Company, 1932).

John Davis, ed., Sacco & Vanzetti, (New York: Ocean Press, 2004).

Charles G. Dawes, The First Year of the Budget (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1923).

Mary Ware Dennett, Birth Control Laws (New York: F.H. Hitchcock, 1926).

John Dewey, The Public and Its Problems (New York: Henry Holt, 1927).

F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1925).

Henry Ford, My Life and Work (New York: Garden City Publishing, 1922).

William Trufant Foster and Waddell Catchings, The Road to Plenty (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1928).

Raymond Garfield Fuller, Child Labor and the Constitution (New York: Thomas Crowell Company, 1923).

Madison Grant, The Passing of the Great Race (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1922).

Ole Hanson, Americanism v. Bolshevism (New York: Doubleday & Page, 1919).

Norman Hapgood, Professional Patriots (New York: Albert and Charles Boni, 1927).

Arthur Hays, City Lawyer: The Autobiography of a Law Practice (New York: Simon & Schuster,1942).

Herbert Hoover, American Individualism (New York: Doubleday and Page, 1922).

Herbert Hoover, The Memoirs of Herbert Hoover: The Cabinet and the Presidency (New York: Macmillan Company, 1952).

Frederic C. Howe, The Confessions of a Reformer (Kent: Kent State University Press, 1988) [First Published Charles Scribner's Sons, 1925]

George William Hunter, Civic Biology: A Civic Biology Presented in Problems (New York: American Book Company, 1914).

Papers of Harold Ickes, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress.

Harold L. Ickes. Autobiography of a Curmudgeon, Reynal & Hitchcock (New York: 1943).

Hiram Johnson, The Diary Letters of Hiram Johnson, 1917-1945., Robert E. Burke, ed. (New York: Garland Publishing, 1983).

James Weldon Johnson, Along This Way: The Autobiography of James Weldon Johnson (New York: Da Capo Press, 2000).

James Weldon Johnson, Self-Determining Haiti (New York: The Nation, 1920).

Stuart A. Kallen, ed., The Roaring Twenties (San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2002).

Esther Katz, ed., The Selected Papers of Margaret Sanger, Volume 1: The Woman Rebel 1900-1928 (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2002).

Florence Kelley, The Autobiography of Florence Kelley, Kathryn Kish Sklar, ed. (Chicago: Charles H. Kerr, 1986).

Papers of Robert La Follette, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress.

Belle Case La Follette and Fola La Follette, Robert M. La Follette (New York: MacMillan Company, 1953).

Franklin K. Lane, The Letters of Franklin Lane, Personal and Political (New York: Houghton & Mifflin, 1922).

Wilfrid Lay, The Child's Unconscious Mind: The Relations of Psychoanalysis to Education (New York: Dodd, Mead, and Company, 1920).

Sinclair Lewis, Babbitt (New York: Harcourt Brace, 1922).

Sinclair Lewis, Elmer Gantry (New York: Harcourt, 1927).

Sinclair Lewis. Main Street (New York: Signet Classic, 1920).

Walter Lippmann, Liberty and the News (New York: Harcourt Brace, and Howe, 1920).

Walter Lippmann, Men of Destiny (New York: MacMillan Company, 1927).

Walter Lippmann, The Phantom Public (New Brunswick: Transaction, 1993).

Walter Lippmann, A Preface to Morals (New York: MacMillan Company, 1929).

Walter Lippmann, Public Opinion (New York: MacMillan Company, 1922).

Alain Locke, ed. The New Negro, An Interpretation (New York: Albert and Charles Boni, 1925).

John Gresham Machen, Christianity and Liberalism (USA: The Trustees, 1923).

Shailer Matthews, The Faith of Modernism (New York: Macmillan Company, 1925).

William Gibbs McAdoo, Crowded Years: The Reminiscences of William G. McAdoo (New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1931).

Andrew Mellon, Taxation: The People's Business (New York: MacMillan Company, 1924).

H.L. Mencken, Notes on Democracy (New York: Dissident Books, 2009).

H.L. Mencken, On Politics: A Carnival of Buncombe (Baltimore: John Hopkins Press, 1956).

George Mowry, ed. The Twenties: Fords, Flappers, & Fanatics (Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1963).

George Norris, Fighting Liberal: The Autobiography of George W. Norris (New York: Collier, 1961).

Dorothy Parker, Enough Rope (New York: Liveright, 1926).

Francis Perkins, The Roosevelt I Knew (New York: Penguin Classics, 2011).

Harlan B. Phillips, ed., Felix Frankfurter Reminisces (New York: Reynal, 1960).

Donald Richberg, My Hero: The Autobiography of Donald Richberg (New York: Putnam, 1954).

Clinton Rossiter and James Lare, ed. The Essential Lippmann: A Political Philosopher for Liberal Democracy (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1963).

John A. Ryan, "Family Limitation and the Church and Birth Control" (New York: Paulist Press, 1916).

Margaret Sanger, Woman and the New Race (New York: Brentanos, 1920).

The Seattle General Strike," History Committee of the General Strike Committee (Seattle, Seattle Union Record Publishing Co. 1919).

Emmett Jay Scott, Negro Migration During the War (New York: Oxford University Press, 1920).

Gilbert Seldes, The 7 Lively Arts (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1924).

Herbert J. Seligmann, The Negro Faces America (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1920).

Kathyrn Kish Sklar and Beverly Wilson Palmer, ed. The Selected Letters of Florence Kelley, 1869-1931 (Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 2009).

Charles Solomon, The Albany Trial (New York: Rand School Press, 1920).

State of New York: Proceedings of the Judiciary Committee of the Assembly, Vol. II (Albany: J.B. Lyon, 1920).

Harold Stearns, ed. Civilization in the United States (New York: Harcourt, Brace, and Company, 1922).

Lothrop Stoddard, The Rising Tide of Color Against White World Supremacy (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1922).

Louis Waldman, Albany: The Crisis In Government (New York: Boni & Liverwright, 1920).

John B. Watson, Behaviorism (New York: People's Institute, 1924).

Walter Weyl, The End of the War (New York: MacMillan, 1918).

Walter Weyl, Tired Radicals and Other Papers (New York: B.W. Huebsch, 1921).

Burton Wheeler with Paul F. Healy, Yankee from the West (New York: Octagon, 1977).

Walter White, A Man Called White: The Autobiography of Walter White (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1995).

Selected Letters of William Allen White 1899-1943, Walter Johnson, ed. (New York: Henry Holt, 1947).

The Public Papers of Woodrow Wilson, Ray S. Baker and William E. Dodd, eds., Authorized Edition, Vol. 1, New York, 1924.

The Papers of Woodrow Wilson, Arthur S. Link, ed., vol. 67, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993).

Woodrow Wilson, "The Road Away from Revolution," (New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1923).


The Call

The Crisis

The Dial

The Freeman

The Literary Digest

The Nation

The New Republic

The New York Times

The New York Tribune

The New Yorker

The Saturday Evening Post

The Survey


The Wall Street Journal

The Washington Post

The World's Work


Robert D. Accinelli, "Was there a 'New' Harding? Warren G. Harding and the World Court Issue, 1920-1933", Ohio History Review, Vol. 84 (Autumn 1975), 168-181.

Kenneth Ackerman, Young J. Edgar: Hoover, the Red Scare, and the Assault on Civil Liberties (New York: Da Capo Press, 2007).

Mark Adams, Mr. America: How Muscular Millionaire Bernarr McFadden Transformed the Nation Through Sex, Salad, and the Ultimate Starvation Diet (New York: HarperCollins, 2009).

John Warren Akin, "Inherited Realities: Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., and Buck v. Bell," The Tower, Spring 2009 (Vol. 1, No 2).

Frederick Lewis Allen, Only Yesterday: An Informal History of the 1920's (New York: Harper Collins, 2000).

Kristofer Allerfeldt, Crime and the Rise of Modern America: A History from 1865-1941 (New York: Routledge, 2011).

Harriet Hyman Alonso, The Women's Peace Union and the Outlawry of War, 1921-1942 (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1989).

Harriet Hyman Alonso, Peace as a Women's Issue: A History of the U.S. Movement for World Peace and Women's Rights (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1993).

Lloyd Ambrosius, Woodrow Wilson and the American Diplomatic Tradition: The Treaty Fight in Perspective (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990).

Paul M. Angle, Bloody Williamson: A Chapter in American Lawlessness (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1952).

Carl Sferrazza Anthony, Florence Harding: The First Lady, The Jazz Age, and the Death of America's Most Scandalous President (New York: Harper Perennial, 1999).

LeRoy Ashby, The Spearless Leader; Senator Borah and the Progressive Movement in the 1920's (Urbana,: University of Illinois Press, 1972.

Mike Ashley, Time Machines: The Story of the Science-Fiction Pulp Magazines from the Beginning to 1950 (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2000).

Samuel J. Astorino, "The Contested Senate Election of William Scott Vare," Pennsylvania History, Vol. 28, No. 2 (April, 1961), pp. 187-201.

Wesley M. Bagby, The Road to Normalcy: The Presidential Campaign and Election of 1920 (Baltimore: John Hopkins Press, 1968).

Loren Baritz, The Culture of the Twenties (New York: Bobbs-Merrill, 1970).

John M. Barry, The Great Influenza: The Epic Story of the Deadliest Plague in History (New York: Viking, 2004).

John M. Barry, Rising Tide: The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 and How It Changed America (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1998).

J. Leonard Bates, Senator Thomas J. Walsh of Montana: Law and Public Affairs, from TR to FDR. (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1999).

Hall P. Beck,. et al, "Finding little Albert: A journey to John B. Watson's infant laboratory," American Psychologist, Vol 64 (7), October 2009, 605-614.

Edward Behr, Prohibition: Thirteen Years that Changed America (New York: Arcade Publishing, 1996).

Scott Bennett, Radical Pacifism: The War Resisters League and Gandhian Non-Violence in America, 1915-1963 (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1963).

Clarence A. Berdahl, " Some Notes on Party Membership in Congress, II" The American Political Science Review, Vol. 43, No. 3 (Jun., 1949), pp. 492-508.

Roy Gillespie Blakey and Gladys C. Blakey, The Federal Income Tax (Clarke: Lawbook Exchange, 2006).

Margaret Blanchard, Revolutionary Sparks: Freedom of Expression in Modern America (New York: Oxford University Press, 1992).

Kathleen M. Blee, Women of the Klan: Racism and Gender in the 1920s (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991).

John Morton Blum, Woodrow Wilson and the Politics of Morality (Boston: Little, Brown, & Company, 1956).

Alan Brinkley, American History (New York: McGraw-Hill, 2007).

Alan Brinkley and Davis Dyer, ed. The American Presidency (New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2004)

Alan Brinkley, The End of Reform: New Deal Liberalism in Recession and War (New York: Vintage Books, 1995).

Alan Brinkley, The Publisher: Henry Luce and his American Century (New York: Alfred Knopf, 2010).

Lawrence R. Broer and John D. Walther, ed. Dancing Fools and Weary Blues: The Great Escape of the Twenties (Bowling Green: Bowling Green State University Press, 1990).

Dorothy Marie Brown, Setting a Course: American Women in the 1920s (Boston: G.K. Hall, 1987).

Kerry W. Buckley, Mechanical Man: John B. Watson and the Beginnings of Behaviorism (New York: Guilford Press, 1989).

John D. Buenker, Urban Liberalism and Progressive Reform (New York: Norton, 1978).

Vern L. Bullough, ed., Encyclopedia of Birth Control (Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2001).

William Bullitt and Sigmund Freud, Thomas Woodrow Wilson (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1999.)

David Burner, Herbert Hoover: A Public Life (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1978).

Robert Byrd, The Senate Classic Speeches, Volume Three (Washington: US Government Printing Office.)

David Cannadine, Mellon: An American Life (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2006).

Chris Capozzola, Uncle Sam Wants You (New York: Oxford University Press, 2008).

Daniel Carpenter, The Forging of Bureaucratic Autonomy: Reputation, Networks, and Policy Innovation in Executive Agencies, 1862-1928 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001).

Ted Galen Carpenter, The Captive Press: Foreign Policy Crises and the First Amendment (Washington: Cato Institute Press, 1995).

Paul Carter, The Twenties in America (New York: Crowell, 1975).

Francine Cary, The Influence of War on Walter Lippmann, 1914-1944 (Madison: University of Wisconsin, 1967).

Larry Ceplair, Anti-Communism in Twentieth Century America: A Critical History (Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2011).

John Chamberlain, Farewell to Reform: The Rise, Life, and Decay of the Progressive Mind in America (Chicago: Quadrangle, 1965).

Clarke Chambers, Seedtime of Reform: American Social Service and Social Action, 1918-1933 (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1963).

J. Dennis Chasse, "The American Association for Labor Legislation and the Institutionalist Tradition in National Health Insurance," Journal of Economic Issues, December 1994 (Vol. 28, No. 4), 1063-1090.

George Chauncey, Gay New York: Gender, Urban Culture, and the Making of the Gay Male World 1890-1940 (New York: Basic Books, 1994).

Joseph P. Chepaitis, "Federal Social Welfare Progressivism in the 1920's," Social Service Review, June 172 (Vol. 46, No. 2).

Ellen Chesler, Woman of Valor: Margaret Sanger and the Birth Control Movement in America (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1992).

Lloyd Chiasson, The Press In Times of Crisis (Westport: Praeger, 1995).

Stanley Coben, A. Mitchell Palmer, Politician (New York: Da Capo Press, 1972).

Don M. Coerver and Linda Biesele Hall, Tangled Destinies: Latin America and the United States (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1999).

Lizabeth Cohen, Making a New Deal: Industrial Workers in Chicago, 1919-1939 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990).

Warren Cohen, Empire Without Tears: America's Foreign Relations 1921-1933 (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1987).

Margaret Coit, Mr. Baruch (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1957).

Ronald Collins and David Skover, "Curious Concurrence: Justice Brandeis's vote in Whitney v. California," 2005 Supreme Court Review 333.

Ronald K.L. Collins and Sam Chaltain, We Must Not Be Afraid to Be Free: Stories of Free Expression in America (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011).

John Milton Cooper, The Warrior and the Priest (Cambridge: Belknap Press, 1983).

John Milton Cooper, Breaking the Heart of the World: Woodrow Wilson and the Fight for the League (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000).

Michael L. Cooper, Theodore Roosevelt: A Twentieth Century Life (New York: Viking, 2009).

Nancy Cornwell, Freedom of the Press: Rights and Liberties Under the Law (Santa Barbara: ABC-Clio, 2004).

Nancy Cott, The Grounding of Modern Feminism (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1987).

Robert C. Cottrell, Roger Nash Baldwin and the American Civil Liberties Union (New York: Columbia University Press, 2000).

Catherine Covert and John D. Stevens, ed. Mass Media Between the Wars: Perceptions of Cultural Tension, 1918-1941 (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1984).

Jeffrey L. Cruikshank & Arthur Schultz, The Man who Sold America: The Amazing (But True!) Story of Albert D. Lasker (Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 2010).

Robert Morss Crunden, Ministers of Reform: The Progressives' Achievement in American Civilization, 1889-1920 (Chicago: Illini Books, 1984).

Robert A. Dahl, A Preface to Democratic Theory (Chicago: University of Chicago, 1956).

Robert Dallek, Democrat and Diplomat: The Life of William E. Dodd (New York: Oxford, 1968).

David Danbom, The World of Hope: Progressives and the Struggle for an Ethical Public Life (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1987).

David Joseph Danielski and Joseph S. Tulchin, ed., The Autobiographical Notes of Charles Evans Hughes (Boston: Harvard University Press, 1973).

Colin John Davis, Power at Odds: The 1922 National Railroad Shopmen's Strike (Chicago: University of Illinois, 1997).

Alan Dawley, Changing the World: American Progressives in War and Revolution (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003).

John W. Dean, Warren Harding (New York: Henry Holt, 2004).

John Diggins. "Flirtation with Fascism: American Pragmatic Liberals and Mussolini's Italy." The American Historical Review, Vol. 71, No. 2, (Jan., 1966).

Ann Douglas. A Terrible Honesty: Mongrel Manhatan in the 1920's (New York: Noonday Press, 1995).

Phillip Dray, At the Hands of Persons Unknown: The Lynching of Black America (New York: Modern Library, 2002).

Eric Dregni, Vikings in the Attic: In Search of Nordic America (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2011).

Kathleen Morgan Drowne and Robert Huber, American Popular Culture Through History: The 1920s (Westport: Greenwood Press, 2004).

Melvyn Dubosky, We Shall Be All: A History of the International Workers of the World (Chicago: University of Illinois, 2000).

Melvyn Dubosky and Warren Van Tine, John L. Lewis: A Biography (Chicago: University of Illinois, 1986).

Lynn Dumenil. The Modern Temper (New York: Hill and Wang, 1995).

Herbert Eaton , Presidential Timber: A History of Nominating Conventions, 1868-1960 (Glencoe: Free Press, 1964).

Jonathan Eig, Get Capone: The Secret Plot that Captured America's Most Wanted Gangster (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2010).

Daniel Mark Epstein, Sister Aimee: The Life of Aimee Semple McPherson (Orlando: Harcourt Brace, 1993).

Paula Fass, The Damned and the Beautiful: American Youth in the 1920s (New York: Oxford University Press, 1977).

Walter LaFeber et al, The American Century: A History of the United States since the 1890s (New York: M.E. Sharpe, 1998)

Christopher Finan, Al Smith: The Happy Warrior (New York: Hill and Wang, 2001)

Leon Fink, Progressive Intellectuals and the Dilemma of Democratic Commitment (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1997)

Eric Foner, The Story of American Freedom, 1st ed. (New York: W.W. Norton, 1998).

Phillip S. Foner, May Day: A Short History of the International Workers' Holiday (Canada: International Publishers, 1986).

Charles Forcey, The Crossroads of Liberalism; Croly, Weyl, Lippmann, and the Progressive Era, 1900-1925 (New York,: Oxford University Press, 1961).

Judith Bloom Fradin and Dennis Fradin, Jane Addams: Champion of Democracy (New York: Clarion Books, 2006).

Ernest Freeberg, Democracy's Prisoner: Eugene V. Debs, the Great War, and the Right to Dissent (Cambridge: Harvard, 2008).

Stephen J. Frese, "Divided by a Common Language: The Babel Proclamation and its Influence in Iowa History" The History Teacher, November 2005.

Richard Fried, The Man Everybody Knew: Bruce Barton and the Making of Modern America (Chicago: Ivan Dee, 2005).

Vincent Gaddis, Herbert Hoover, Unemployment, and the Public Sphere: A Conceptual History, 1919-1933 (Lanham: University Press of America, 2005).

Beverly Gage, The Day Wall Street Exploded: A Story of America in its First Age of Terror (New York: Oxford University Press, 2009).

John A. Garraty, Interpreting American History: Conversations with Historians (New York: Collier MacMillan, 1970).

Peter Gay, Freud: A Life for our Time (New York: W.W. Norton, 1998).

Ralph Giordano, Satan in the Dance Hall: Rev. John Roach Straton, Social Dancing, and Morality in 1920's New York City (Lanham: Scarecrow Press, 2008).

David Joseph Goldberg, Discontented America : The United States in the 1920s (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999).

Ronald Allen Goldberg, America in the Twenties (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2001).

Armond S. Goldman et al, "What was the cause of Franklin Delano Roosevelt's paralytic illness?" Journal of Medical Biography, Vol. 11, November 2003, 232-240.

Robert Justin Goldstein, Political Repression in Modern America from 1870 to 1976 (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2001).

Stephen Jay Gould, "Carrie Buck's Daughter," Natural History, July-August, 2002.

Frank Graham, Al Smith, American: An Informal Biography (New York: Van Rees Press, 1945).

Otis Graham, An Encore for Reform: The Old Progressives and the New Deal (Oxford University Press: 1967)

Fred Greenbaum, Men Against Myths: The Progressive Response (New York: Praeger, 2000).

David Greenberg, Calvin Coolidge (New York: Henry Holt, 2006).

Richard Gribble, An Archbishop for the People: The Life of Edward J. Hanna (Mahwah: Paulist Press, 2006).

Kenneth J. Grieb, "Warren G. Harding and the Dominican Republic U.S. Withdrawal, 1921-1932, Journal of Inter-American Studies, Vol. 11, No. 3 (Jul., 1969), pp. 425-440.

Theodore Grippo, With Malice Aforethought: The Execution of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti (Bloomington: iUniverse, 2011).

Kristen E. Gwinn, Emily Greene Balch: The Long Road to Internationalism (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2010).

Ann Hagedorn, Savage Fear: Hope and Peace in America, 1919 (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1997).

Linda Biesele Hall, Oil, Banks, and Politics: The United States and Post-Revolutionary Mexico, 1917-1924 (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1995).

Jonathan Hansen, The Lost Promise of Patriotism: Debating American Identity, 1890-1920 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003).

Rowland Hill Harvey, Samuel Gompers: Champion of the Toiling Masses (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1935), 335-336.

Glenn P. Hastedt, Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy (New York: Facts on File, 2004).

Ellis Hawley, "Herbert Hoover, the Commerce Secretariat, and the Vision of an Associative State, 1921-1928," The Journal of American History, Vol. 61, No. 1 (Jun. 1974).

Ellis Hawley, "Secretary Hoover and the Bituminous Coal Problem, 1921-1928" The Business History Review, Vol. 42, No. 3 (Autumn, 1968), pp. 247-270.

Ellis Hawley, ed. Herbert Hoover as Secretary of Commerce 1921-1928: Studies in New Era Thought and Practice (Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1981).

Wolfgang J. Helbich, "American Liberals in the League of Nations Controversy." The Public Opinion Quarterly, Vol. 31, No. 4 (Winter, 1967-1968).

Nate Hendley, American Gangsters Then and Now: An Encyclopedia (Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2010).

John Hennen, The Americanization of West Virginia: Creating a Modern Industrial State (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1996).

John Higham, Strangers in the Land: Patterns of American Nativism, 1860-1925 (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1955).

Hugh D. Hindman, Child Labor: An American History (New York: M.E. Sharpe, 2002).

James S. Hirsch, Riot and Remembrance: The Tulsa Race War and Its Legacy (New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2002).

Richard Hofstadter, The Age of Reform (New York: Vintage Books, 1955).

Alice Honeywell, La Follette and His Legacy (Madison: Robert La Follette School of Public Affairs, 1984/1995).

Nathan Irvin Huggins, Harlem Renaissance (New York: Oxford, 1971).

Dollena Joy Humes, Oswald Garrison Villard: Liberal of the 1920s (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1960).

J. Joseph Huthmacher, Senator Robert Wagner and the Rise of Urban Liberalism (New York: Atheneum, 1968).

Kenneth Jackson, The Ku Klux Klan in the City (New York: Oxford University Press), 1967.

Sanford M. Jacoby, ed., Masters to Managers: Historical and Comparative Perspectives on American Employers (New York: Columbia University Press, 1991).

H. Paul Jeffers, The Napoleon of New York: Mayor Fiorello La Guardia (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2002).

Robert David Johnson, Ernest Gruening and the American Dissenting Tradition (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1998).

Robert David Johnson, The Peace Progressives and American Foreign Relations (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1995).

Robert D. Johnston, "Re-Democratizing the Progressive Era: The Politics of Progressive Era Historiography." Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, January 2002.

Harold Josephson, James T. Shotwell and the Rise of Internationalism in America (Cranberry: Associated University Presses, 1975).

Robert Kagan, A Twilight Struggle: American Power and Nicaragua, 1977-1980 (New York: Free Press, 1996).

David Kennedy, Over Here: The First World War and American Society (New York: Oxford University Press, 1980).

Alice Kessler-Harris, Out to Work: A History of Wage-Earning Women in the United States (New York: Oxford University Press, 1992).

Desmond S. King and Rogers M. Smith, Still a House Divided: Race and Politics in Obama's America (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2011).

Theodore Kornweibel, Seeing Red: Federal Campaigns Against Black Militancy, 1919-1925 (Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1999).

Gregory Kloger, "Cloture Reform and Party Government in the Senate," The Journal of Politics, Vol. 68, No. 3, August 2006, pp. 708-719.

Thomas Knock, To End All Wars: Woodrow Wilson and the Quest for a New World Order (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992).

Arnold Krammer, Undue Process: The Untold Story of America's German Alien Internees (Lanham: Rowan & Littefield, 1997).

David E. Kyvig, "Women Against Prohibition," American Quarterly , Vol. 28, No. 4 (Autumn, 1976), pp. 465-482.

Edward Larson, Summer of the Gods: The Scopes Trial and America's Continuing Debate Over Science and Religion (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1998).

Christopher Lasch, The True and Only Heaven: Progress and Its Critics (New York: Norton, 1991).

William Leach, Land of Desire: Merchants, Power, and the Rise of a New American Culture (New York: First Vintage Books, 1993).

Jackson Lears, Fables of Abundance: A Cultural History of Advertising in America (New York: Basic Books, 1994).

Emily Leider, Dark Lover: The Life and Death of Rudolf Valentino (New York: Faber and Faber, 2003).

Gerald Leinwand, 1927: High Tide of the 1920s (New York: Four Walls Eight Windows, 2001).

Anne Leland and MJ Oboroceanu, "American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics," Congressional Research Service, February 26, 2010.

Nicholas Lemann, The Promised Land: The Great Black Migration and How It Changed America (New York: Vintage Books, 1991).

J. Stanley Lemons, "The Sheppard-Towner Act: Progressivism in the 1920s" The Journal of American History, Vol. 55, No. 4 (Mar., 1969), pp. 776-786.

J. Stanley Lemons, The Woman Citizen: Social Feminism in the 1920s, (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1973).

Mark Edward Lender and James Kirby Martin, Drinking in America: A History (New York: Free Press, 1987).

Lawrence Lenz, Power and Policy: America's First Steps to Superpower, 1889-1922 (New York: Algora, 2008).

Michael Lerner, Dry Manhattan: Prohibition in New York City (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2007).

William Leuchtenburg, Herbert Hoover (New York: Times Books, 2009).

William Leuchtenburg. The Perils of Prosperity (University of Chicago Press: Chicago, 1958).

William Leuchtenburg, The Supreme Court Reborn: The Constitutional Revolution in the Age of Roosevelt (New York: Oxford University Press, 1995).

Lawrence Levine, Defender of the Faith: William Jennings Bryan: The Last Decade 1915-1925 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1987).

David Levering Lewis, W.E.B. Du Bois: Biography of a Race 1863-1919 (New York: Henry Holt, 1993).

David Levering Lewis, W.E.B. Du Bois: The Fight for Equality and the American Century 1919-1963 (New York: Henry Holt, 2000).

Allan Lichtman, Prejudice and the Old Politics: The Presidential Election of 1928 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1979).

Richard Lingeman, Sinclair Lewis: Rebel from Main Street (New York: Random House, 2002).

Arthur Link, "What happened to the Progressive Movement in the 1920s?" The American Historical Review, Vol. 64, No. 4 (Jul. 1959).

Paul Lombardo, Three Generations, No Imbeciles: Eugenics, the Supreme Court, and Buck v. Bell (Baltimore: John Hopkins, 2008).

Richard Coke Lower, A Bloc of One: The Political Career of Hiram W. Johnson (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1993).

Richard Lowitt, George W. Norris: The Persistence of a Progressive, 1913-1933 (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1971).

Christine Lunardi, From Equal Suffrage to Equal Rights: Alice Paul and the National Woman's Party, 1910-1928 (New York: toExcel, 1986).

Kenneth MacKay, The Progressive Movement of 1924 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1947).

Nancy MacLean, Behind the Mask of Chivalry: The Making of the Second Ku Klux Klan (New York: Oxford University Press, 1994).

Margaret MacMillan, Paris 1919: Six Months that Changed the World (New York: Random House, 2002).

Patrick Maney, "Joe McCarthy's First Victim," Virginia Quarterly Review, Summer 2001, 529-536. (http://www.vqronline.org/articles/2001/summer/maney-joe-mccarthys-first/)

Roland Marchand, Advertising the American Dream: Making Way for Modernity, 1920-1940 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995).

Roland Marchand, Creating the Corporate Soul: The Rise of Public Relations and Corporate Imagery in American Big Business (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000).

George Marsden, Fundamentalism and American Culture (New York: Oxford University Press), 2006.

Kenneth R. Mayer, With the Stroke of a Pen: Executive Orders and Presidential Power (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001).

Laton McCartney, The Teapot Dome Scandal: How Big Oil Bought the White House and Tried to Steal the Country (New York: Random House, 2008).

Charles McCormick, Hopeless Cases: The Hunt for the Red Scare Terrorist Bombers (Lanham: University Press of America, 2005).

Michael E. McGerr, A Fierce Discontent : The Rise and Fall of the Progressive Movement in America, 1870-1920 (New York: Free Press, 2003).

John T. McGreevey, Catholicism and American Freedom (New York: W.W. Norton, 2003).

John Thomas McGuire, "Two Feminist Visions: Social Justice Feminism and Equal Rights, 1899-1940," Pennsylvania History, Autumn 2004 (Vol. 71, No. 4), 445-478.

Marian C. McKenna, Borah (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1961).

Cameron McWhirter, Red Summer: The Summer of 1919 and the Awakening of Black America (New York: Henry Holt, 2011).

W. Clark Medford, Great Smoky Mountain Stories (USA: Overmountain Press, 1966).

Char Miller, Gifford Pinchot and the Making of Modern Environmentalism (Washington: Island Press, 2001

Karen A.J. Miller, Populist Nationalism and American Foreign Policy (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1999).

Kenneth Miller, From Progressive to New Dealer: Frederic Howe and American Liberalism (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2010).

Nathan Miller, New World Coming: The 1920s and the Making of Modern America (New York: Scribner, 2003).

Wilbur Miller, ed., The Social History of Crime and Punishment in America (Washington DC: SAGE, 2012).

Joyce Milton, Tramp: The Life of Charlie Chaplin (New York: Da Capo Press, 1998).

David Montgomery, The Fall of the House of Labor: The Workplace, the State, and American Labor Activism, 1865-1925 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991).

Lucy Moore, Anything Goes: A Biography of the Roaring Twenties (New York: Overlook Press, 2010).

Jeffrey P. Moran, The Scopes Trial: A Brief History with Documents (New York: Palgrave, 2002).

John Morello, Selling the President, 1920: Albert D. Lasker, Advertising, and the Election of Warren G. Harding (Westport: Praeger, 2001).

Edmund Morris, Colonel Roosevelt (New York: Random House, 2010).

George Mowry, ed. The Twenties: Fords, Flappers, & Fanatics (Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1963).

Robyn Muncy, Creating a Female Dominion in American Reform 1890-1935 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1991).

Kevin C. Murphy, "A Lion Among the Liberals: Senator William Edgar Borah and the Rise of New Deal Liberalism," Harvard University A.B. thesis, 1997. (http://www.kevincmurphy.com/williamborah.htm)

Kevin C. Murphy, "Lost Warrior: Al Smith and the Fall of Tammany," Columbia University M.A. thesis, 2002. (http://www.kevincmurphy.com/alsmith.htm)

Paul L. Murphy, The Meaning of Freedom of Speech: First Amendment Freedoms from Wilson to FDR (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1972).

Robert K. Murray, The 103rd Ballot (New York: Harper and Row, 1976).

Robert K. Murray, The Harding Era: Warren Harding and his Administration (Chicago: University of Minnesota Press, 1969).

Robert K. Murray, The Politics of Normalcy: Governmental Theory and Practice in the Harding-Coolidge Era (New York: W.W. Norton, 1973).

Robert K. Murray, Red Scare: A Study in National Hysteria (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964).

John M. Murrin, et al, Liberty, Equality, Power: A History of the American People (Florence: Wadsworth Publishing, 2011).

Gerald Nash, United States Oil Policy, 1890-1964: Business and Government in Twentieth Century America (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1968).

Donn C. Neal, The World Beyond the Hudson: Alfred E. Smith and National Politics (Donn C. Neal, 1983, 2011): http://www.donnneal.com/smithcontents.html

Burl Noggle, Into the Twenties (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1974)

Burl Noggle, Teapot Dome: Oil and Politics in the 1920's (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1962).

James S. Olson, Historical Dictionary of the 1920's: From World War I to the New Deal (New York: Greenwood Press, 1988).

Nell Painter, Standing at Armageddon: The United States 1877-1919 (New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1987).

Niall Palmer, The Twenties in America: Politics and Culture (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2006).

Leon Pamphile, Haitians and African Americans: A Heritage of Tragedy and Hope (Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2001).

J Parascandola, "The Public Health Service and Jamaica ginger paralysis in the 1930's," Public Health Reports, May-June 1995.

Ross Evans Paulson, Liberty, Equality, and Justice: Civil Rights, Women's Rights, and the Regulation of Business, 1865-1932.

Elizabeth Anne Payne, Reform, Labor, and Feminism : Margaret Dreier Robins and the Women's Trade Union League, Women in American History (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1988).

Thomas R. Pegram, One Hundred Percent American: The Rebirth and Decline of the Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s (Lanham, Ivan R. Dee, 2011).

Elizabeth Israels Perry, Belle Moskowitz: Feminine Politics and Exercise of Power in the Age of Alfred E. Smith (New York, Oxford University Press, 1987).

David Pietrusza, 1920: The Year of the Six Presidents (Philadelphia, Perseus, 2007).

Milton Plesur, The 1920's: Problems and Paradoxes; Selected Readings (Boston,: Allyn and Bacon, 1969).

Stephen Puleo, Dark Tide: The Great Boston Molasses Flood of 1919 (Boston: Beacon Press, 2004).

Gail Radford, Modern Housing for America: Policy Struggles in the New Deal Era (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996).

Mary Renda, Taking Haiti: Military Occupation and the Culture of US Imperialism, 1915-1940 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2001).

Martin Reuss, Designing the Bayous: The Control of Water in the Atchafalaya Basin, 1880-1995 (Alexandria: US Army Corps of Engineers, 1998).

Otis K. Rice and Stephen W. Brown, West Virginia: A History (Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1993).

Darcy Richardson, Others: Robert La Follette and the Progressive Movement: Third-Party Politics in the 1920s (Lincoln: iUniverse, 2008).

Merrill Rippy, Oil and the Mexican Revolution (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1972).

Paul Robinson, Freud and his Critics (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993).

Isabel Ross, Grace Coolidge and Her Era: The Story of a President's Wife (New York: Dodd, Mead, & Company, 1962).

Kenneth Rose, American Women and the Repeal of Prohibition (New York: New York University Press, 1996).

Dan Rottenberg, In the Kingdom of Coal: An American Family and the Rock that Changed the World (New York: Routledge, 2003).

Frances Russell, The Shadow of Blooming Grove: Warren Harding and his Times (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1968).

Michael J. Sandel, Democracy's Discontent : America in Search of a Public Philosophy (Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1996).

Nick Salvatore, Eugene Debs: Citizen and Socialist (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1982).

Neil Salzman, Reform and Revolution: The Life and Times of Raymond Robins (Kent: Kent State University Press, 1991).

Paul Sann, The Lawless Decade: A Pictorial History of the Roaring Twenties. (New York: Crown Publishers, 1957).

Udo Sautter, Three Cheers for the Unemployed: Government and Unemployment Before the New Deal (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991).

Lon Savage, Thunder in the Mountains: The West Virginia Mine War, 1920-1921 (Pittsburgh: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1990).

Harry N. Scheiber, "What Wilson Said to Cobb in 1917: Another View of Plausibility," Wisconsin Magazine of History (Summer 1969), Vol. 52, no. 4

Eric Schickler, Disjointed Pluralism: Institutional Innovation and the Development of the United States Congress (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001).

Michael Schudson, The Good Citizen: A History of American Civic Life (New York: Free Press, 1998).

Robert Shogan, The Battle of Blair Mountain: The Story of America's Largest Labor Uprising (Boulder: Westview Press, 2004).

Arthur Schlesinger, Crisis of the Old Order (New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1957).

Regin Schmidt, Red Scare: FBI and the Origins of Anti-Communism in the United States, 1919-1943 (Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press, 2000).

Carol Schmid, The Politics of Language: Conflict, Identity, and Cultural Pluralism in Comparative Perspective (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001)

Hans Schmidt, The United States Occupation of Haiti, 1915-1934 (Rutgers: Rutgers University Press, 1971).

Zachary M. Schrag, "The Boston Police Strike in the Context of American Labor," (A.B. Thesis, Harvard University, 1992), at http://www.schrag.info/research/chap3.html

Michael Schudson, The Good Citizen: A History of American Civic Life. (New York: The Free Press, 1998).

E.A. Schwartz, "The Lynching of Robert Prager, the United Mine Workers, and the Problems of Patriotism in 1918," Journal of the Illinois Historical Society, Winter 2003.

Mark R. Shulman, "The Progressive Era Origins of the National Security Act" (2000). Pace Law Faculty Publications. Paper 223.

Andrew Sinclair, Prohibition, The Era of Excess (New York: Little, Brown, 1962).

Theda Skocpol, Protecting Soldiers and Mothers: The Political Origins of Social Policy in the United States (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1992).

Douglas J. Slawson, The Department of Education Battle, 1918-1932: Public Schools, Catholic Schools, and the Social Order (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2005).

Robert Slayton, Empire Statesman: The Rise and Redemption of Al Smith (New York: Free Press, 2001).

Gene Smith, When The Cheering Stopped: The Last Years of Woodrow Wilson (New York: TIME, 1964).

Robert Michael Smith, From Blackjacks to Briefcases: A History of Commercialized Strikebreaking (Athens: Ohio University Press, 2003).

Robert Sobel, Coolidge: An American Enigma (Washington: Regnery, 1998).

George Soule, Prosperity Decade: From War to Depression, 1917-1929 (New York: Harper & Row, 1968).

Paul Starr, The Creation of the Media : Political Origins of Modern Communications (New York: Basic Books, 2004).

Ronald Steel, Walter Lippmann and the American Century (Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1980).

David Steigerwald, Wilsonian Idealism in America (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1994).

David F. Schmitz, Henry L. Stimson: The First Wise Man (Wilmington: Scholarly Resources, 2001).

Geoffrey Stone, Perilous Times: Free Speech in Wartime from the Sedition Act of 1798 to the War on Terrorism (New York: W.W. Norton, 2004).

David Swanson, When the World Outlawed War (Washington: eBookit, 2011).

Moshik Temkin, The Sacco-Vanzetti Affair: America on Trial (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009).

Leslie Woodcock Tentler, Catholics and Contraception: An American History (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2004).

David P. Thelen, Robert M. La Follette and the Insurgent Spirit (Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1976).

James H. Timberlake, Prohibition and the Progressive Movement, 1900-1920 (Cambridge,: Harvard University Press, 1963).

Bascom N Timmons, Portrait of an American: Charles G. Dawes (New York: Henry Holt & Company 1953).

Charles Toth. "Isolationism and the Emergence of Borah: An Appeal to American Tradition." The Western Political Quarterly, Vol. 14, No. 2. (Jun, 1961).

Jack Wayne Traylor, "William Allen White's 1924 Gubernatorial Campaign," Kansas Historical Quarterly, Summer 1976 (Vol. 42, No. 2, pp 180-191).

Larry Tye, The Father of Spin: Edward L. Bernays and the Birth of Public Relations (New York: Henry Holt, 1998).

Nancy Unger, Fighting Bob La Follette: The Righteous Reformer (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000).

John Chalmers Vinson. William Borah and the Outlawry of War (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1957).

Jan Voogd, Race, Riots and Resistance: The Red Summer of 1919 (New York: Peter Lang Publishing, 2008).

Hans P. Vought, The Bully Pulpit and the Melting Pot: American Presidents and the Immigrant, 1897-1933 (Macon: Mercer University Press, 2004).

Allen M. Wakstein, "The Origins of the Open-Shop Movement, 1919-1920," The Journal of American History, Vol. 51, No. 3 (Dec., 1964), pp. 460-475.

Jerry Wallace, Calvin Coolidge: Our First Radio President (Calvin Coolidge Memorial Foundation, 2008).

Emily Smith Warner, The Happy Warrior (New York: Doubleday, 1956).

Bruce Watson, Sacco and Vanzetti: The Men, The Murders, and the Judgment of Mankind (London: Penguin, 2007).

T.H.Watkins, Righteous Pilgrim: The Life and Times of Harold Ickes, 1874-1952 (New York: Henry Holt, 1990).

Michael A. Weatherson and Hal Bochin, Hiram Johnson: Political Revivalist (Lanham: University Press of America, 1995).

James Weinstein, The Decline of Socialism in America 1912-1925 (New York: Random Books, 1967).

Stephen Wertheim, "The League That Wasn't: American Designs for a Legalist-Sanctionist League of Nations and the Intellectual Origins of International Organization, 1914-1920, Diplomatic History 35, No. 5 (November 2011).

David Williams, "The Bureau of Investigation and Its Critics, 1919-1921: The Origins of Federal Political Surveillance," The Journal of American History, Dec. 1981 (Vol. 68, No. 3), pp. 560-579.

Kurt Wimer and Sarah Wimer, "The Harding Administration, the League of Nations, and the Separate Peace Treaty," The Review of Politics, January 1967 (Vol. 29, No. 1), 13-24.

Jan Wilson, The Women's Joint Congressional Committee and the Politics of Maternalism, 1920-1930 (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2007).

John Fabian Witt, Patriots and Cosmpolitians: Hidden Histories of American Law (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2007)

Michael Wreszin, Oswald Garrison Villard: Pacifist at War (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1965).

Neil Wynn, From Progressivism to Prosperity (New York: Holmes & Meier, 1986).

Robert L. Zangrando, The NAACP Crusade Against Lynching, 1909-1950 (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1980).

Susan Zeiger, "Finding a Cure for War: Women's Politics and the Peace Movement in the 1920s," Journal of Social History, Vol. 24, No. 1 (Autumn, 1990), 69-86.

Joshua Zeitz, Flapper: A Madcap Story of Sex, Style, Celebrity, and the Women Who Made America Modern (New York: Three Rivers, 2006).

Robert H. Zieger, Republicans and Labor: 1919-1929 (Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1969).

Howard Zinn, La Guardia in Congress. (New York: Cornell University Press, 1959).

Howard Zinn, The Twentieth Century (New York: Perennial, 2003.


Alfred Smith and National Politics, Donn Neal: http://www.donnneal.com/index.html

The American Presidency Project: http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu

The Avalon Project: http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon

Black Americans in Congress: http://baic.house.gov

Paul Carrington, Fearing Fear Itself: http://paulcarrington.com/Fearing%20Fear%20Itself.htm

Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture: http://encyclopediaofarkansas.net

Famous Trials, University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law: http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/

The Great Pandemic, Department of Health and Human Services Website: http://1918.pandemicflu.gov/

History Matters: http://historymatters.gmu.edu

Kai's Coolidge Blog: http://kaiology.wordpress.com/

Marxists Internet Archive: http://www.marxists.org/

Ohio Historical Society, "Anti-German Sentiment": http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1578

PBS: The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow: http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_red.html

The Seattle General Strike Project: http://depts.washington.edu/labhist/strike/

The Social Welfare History Project: http://www.socialwelfarehistory.com/

The Tax History Project: http://www.taxhistory.org/

Tennessee State Library and Archives: http://tennessee.gov/tsla/exhibits/suffrage/beginning.htm

Texas State Library and Archive Commission: https://www.tsl.state.tx.us/governors/personality/moody-burgess.html

United States Senate: http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/

Women and Social Movements in the United States 1600-2000: http://womhist.alexanderstreet.com/

Return to the Table of Contents.

[Download Uphill all the Way: The Fortunes of Progressivism, 1919-1929 as a PDF.]

Main Page/Family/Links/Gallery/Biography/Soapbox/Resume/Writings/Weblog

If you found this dissertation useful or entertaining, please consider contributing to the tip fund.
Alas, history isn't the wildly remunerative discipline it used to be.